CSIR institute trashes Arvind Kejriwal's Odd-Even number policy to control air pollution



Pollution Delhi 1212NB Nair


New Delhi (ISJ) - An institute under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has questioned the 'efficacy' of Delhi's Aam Admi Party government's proposed policy of restricting 'Odd-Even Number' vehicles to control air pollution in the national capital.


The Arvind Kejriwal-government is all set to implement its odd-even number policy from January 01, 2016 and sought to impose heavy penalty for violating vehicle owners.


National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies (NISTADS), an institute under the CSIR has come up with, what it terms a viable alternative to reduce air pollution in the city. It's director Dr. P. Goswami questioned the 'efficacy' of the odd-even number policy and said not a single city in the world has succeeded in enforcing restricted movement of vehicles to bring down air pollution levels.� He called the Delhi government's policy could at best provide temporary solution, but it has several adverse effects.


Enforcing the odd-even rule on cars alone may not be effective, unless it is extended to vehicles across the board, as contribution of cars to city air pollution is only 10%, whereas the 5% heavy duty vehicles are responsible for 71% of CO2 emission and 74% of particulate emission.


Success of this rule in cities of many countries is because of its excellent public transport system, whereas Delhi's public transport system is neither comfortable nor punctual.


Lack of road infrastructure in the periphery of Delhi leads to transport vehicles from one states to another use Delhi roads instead.


The likely adverse effects of Odd-Even Number policy would be, according to Dr. Goswami, increased cost of private transport like cabs and auto-rickshaws, which will burden the poor and middle-class


People might resort to buying two cheap cars, rather than a single high efficiency cars, resulting in more pollution in Delhi, more congestion in public places, nullifying the effect of less running cars.


NISTADS has come up with an alternative plan named Virtual Attendance at Work and School (VAWS) to mitigate air pollution. The plan envisages allowing offices and schools to be closed on a particular day of the week, while the employees or students work from home.


Comparative Analysis of VAWs and OEN

























































































































Sl. No.



Parameter/Process



VAWS (Virtual Attendance at Work/School



OEN (Odd-Even Number)



1.



Implementation



Immediate and Total



Phased and disruptive



2.



Effectiveness



Both cars and school buses



Only cars



3.



Sustainability



Not effected by increase in vehicles



Becomes ineffective as the number of vehicles keep increasing



4.



Acceptability



Optional but welcome



May lead to discontent



5.



Quality of life



Enhanced quality of life



May create stress



6.



Productivity



Increase



Decrease



7.



Implementation Process



Non-disruptive



Disruptive



8.



Cost saving



Positive



Negative



9.



Education Quality



Enhances through self-studies



May result in teacher/ student absence



10.



Monitoring and Enforcement



Not required



Difficult and burdensome



11.



Associated Benefits



Decrease in related traffic like taxi, auto



Nil, may lead to malpractices



12.



Energy



Effective saving at office/school



No saving



13.



Working Hours



Effective Increase



No Change



14



Economics



No extra burden



Extra Burden



15.



Health



Less exposure time to pollution



Same exposure time



16.



Capital investment



Nil



Large capital and maintenance investment



17.



Scalability



Easy; easier with advances in IT



Nil



18.



Control



Can easily be withdrawn when pollution level decreases



Large investments become redundant



Dr. Goswami claimed there are several socio-economic benefits for VAWS like energy-saving at work/school, reduction of travel-related stress and health hazard, higher efficiency and improved quality of life. He argued, VAWS can be easily implemented and monitored through an organised system.


"VAWS is sustainable and non-disruptive without any adverse effects and can be easily replicated to other metros," said Dr. Goswami.


He however, scoffed at suggestions that VAWS is a direct confrontation with Delhi government's plans.


"All we are saying is disparate situations asks for disparate measures. Pollution now is an emergency. You try to take whatever steps you can think of at a time. Are we not part of Delhi? We are also part of Delhi, so we have applied our mind, applied our efforts and come up with this solution and it has been communicated to Shri Kejriwal," said Dr. Goswami.�





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