New Delhi (ISJ) ? India?s space agency chief Dr. K. Radhakrishnan and Indian-born robotic researcher Radhika Nagpal are among those named by the ?Nature? magazine as Nature?s 10 ? Ten people who mattered in the world in 2014.
Radhakrishnan at the helm of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) steered India into the comity of six space-faring nations, by accomplishing the epoch-making Mars Mission ? the cheapest ever inter-planetary launch of a satellite in its maiden attempt.
Under Radhakrishnan?s stewardship, ISRO made several landmarks like developing an indigenous cryogenic engine, in the face of technological denial regime, launching India?s next generation launch vehicle ? GSLV Mark III and the successful test flight of re-entry crew module, a step closer to realising manned missions into space.
Indian-born Radhika is leading an engineering research team at Harvard University at Cambridge, Massachusetts. She has developed programme paradigms for robust collective behaviour, inspired by biology ? how cells cooperate in tissues and multicellular organisms.
Others named by the magazine include Andrea Accomazzo, a former test pilot who led a team that steered European Space Agency?s Rosetta spacecraft, which traced water vapour from its target comet. He is also the head of the Solar and Planetary Missions Division at European Space Operation Centre and as such, responsible for the design and conduct of flight operations of Rosetta.
Sheik Humarr Khan, the medical scientist from Sierra Lone, who lost his life treating Ebola patients in Sierra Lone, US Oncologist Suzanne Topalian, who pioneered the treatment of patients with advanced melanoma ? a type of skin cancer, David Spergel, the astrophysicist, who detected the gravitational waves from the far reaches of space, Maryam Mirzakhani, the Iranian mathematician working in the US and the first women to ever win the Fields Medal ? known as the Nobel Prize of Mathematics, in recognition of her contributions to the understanding of the symmetry of curved surfaces, Pete Frates, the patient who helped to kick-start the social media campaign ? Ice-bucket challenge, which brought huge returns for research, Japanese Masayo Takahashi, who has successfully restored the sight to a man suffering from macular degeneration with stem cells derived from human embryos are the other persons and British scientist Sjors Scheres, who developed methods to visualise how molecular machines fulfil a wide range of vital processes in the cell are the other individuals, who have been named as people who mattered during the year.
Sources: ?Nature? magazine, ISRO, etc
Image courtesy: Dr. K. Radhakrishnan ? PIB
Radhika Nagpal ? Radhika Nagpal